CDSE General English(2)

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Directions (Q.1- 20): Each question in this section has a sentence with three underlined parts labelled(A),and (B)and (C). Read each sentence to find out whether there is any error in any underlined part and indicate your answer in the Answer Sheet against the corresponding letter Le. (A) or (B) or (C). If you find no error, your answer should be indicated as(D)

1. He asked her that(a)/ whether she knew(b)/ what had happened last week when she was on leave(c)/ No error(d)

2. Until you do not go to the station(a)/to receive him(b)/ to receive him(C)/ No error(d)

3. I did not know where they were going(a)/nor could I understand(b)/why had they left so soon(c)/ No error(d)

4. The distinguished visitor said that he had great pleasure to be with us for some time(a)/ and that the pleasure was all the greater(b)/ because his visit afforded him an opportunity to study the working of an institution of such eminence as ours (c)/No error(d)

5. Please convey(a)/ my best wishes(b)/back to your parents(c)/ No error(d)

6. The call of the seas(a)/ have always(b)/found an echo in me(c)/No error(d)

7. Hardly I had left home for Bombay(a)/when my son who is settled in Calcutta arrived(b)/ without any prior information(c)/ No error(d)

8. Now it can be easily said(a)/that the population of this city is greater(b)/than any other city in India(c)/ No error(d)

9. It is difficult to explain(a)/why did Raj Gopalachari resigned(b)/from the Congress in 1940(c)/ No error(d)

10. The boss reminded them of the old saying(a)/that honesty was the best policy(b)/and told them that they had better be honest in their work(c)/No error(d)

11. Gulliver's Travels are(a)/ the most fascinating adventure story(b)/that I have ever read(c)/ No error(d)

12. The teenager reassured his father at the station(a)/ I will pull on very "Don't worry, dad(b)/ nicely at the hosted"(c)/ No error(d)

13. The way he's behaving(a)/ he'll soon spill the beans (b)/I'm afraid (c)/ No error(d)

14. Most of the developing countries find it(a)/ difficult to cope up with the problems(b)/ created by the sudden impact of technological progress(c)/ No error (d)

15. People blamed him(a)/ for being(b)/ a coward person(c)/ No error(d)

16. We swam up to the drowning man caught hold of his clothes(a)/ before he could go down again(b)/ and pulled him out, safe to the shore(c)/ No error(d)

17. Meena was so tried(a)/ that she could not hardly(b)/ talk to the guests for a few minutes(c)/ No error (d)

18. If I was knowing(a)/ Why he was absent(b)/ I would have informed you(c)/ No error(d)

19. He goes(a)/ to office(b)/ by foot(c)/ No error(d)

20. The hundred-rupees notes(a)/ that he gave them for the goods bought from them looked genuine(b)/ but later they reliably learnt that the notes were all counterfeit(c)/ No error(d)

Directions (Q.21- 40): Look at the bold part of each sentence. Below each sentence are given there possible substitutions for the Bold part.If one of them (a),(b) or (c)is better than the bold part indicate your response on the Answer Sheet against the corresponding letter (a), (b), or (c). If none of the substitutions improve the sentence, indicate (d) as your response on the Answer Sheet, Thus a No improvement response will be signified by the letter (d). 

21. There is no rain in our village for the last six months.

22. The police investigated into the matter

23. Ramachandra Murthy and his family have been in Guyanafrom 1985.

24. I am living in this town since 1980.

25. If I was you I should tell him the truth.

26. He is better than any boy in the class.

27. Anil ought not to tell me your secret, but he did.

28. If were him I would have not accepted the offer.

29. What the nation needs is people of character

30. We now come to the important question of where this great swarm of galaxies have come from

31. Fewer rainfall means less traffic accidents, according to the expert's report on highway safety.

32. I never saw you at the party yesterday.

33. Ajeet is a bigger scholar than his brother.

34. I did not wait for him because he went out before I arrived.

35. Whenever I saw him, he has been reading the same novel.

36. Since the beginning of the term, we are spending a lot of time on poetry.

37. Your sister cooks well,isn't she?

38. Dicken's novels, like man writers are largely autobiographical.

39. She was as pretty as, if not prettier than, any V other girl at the party.

40. Never I have been such breathtaking scenery !

Directions (Q.41- 50): In this section, you find a number of sentences, parts of which are bold. For each bold part, four words /phrases are listed below. Choose the word/phrase nearest in meaning to the bold part and blacken the corresponding space on the Answer Sheet.

41. She is a woman of sterling qualities.

42. Although the boys in his class were naughty, he never resorted to corporal punishment.

43. He wanted to mitigatehis burdens.

44. She adjusted quite well with her husband's idiosyncrasies.

45. The Deputy Inspector General made a perfunctory inspection of the police station.

46. The decision to drop the atom bomb are Hiroshima I was a grave one

47. 47. A scientist generally carries out his investigations empirically.

48. He is employed in an ordnance factory.

49. He is a sycophant who tries to win over politicians.

50. I cannot believe in the veracityof his statement;

Directions (Q.51- 60): In this section, each item consists of a word or a phase which is bold in the sentence given. It is followed by four words or phrases. Select the word or phrase which is closest to the opposite in meaning of the bold word or phrase.

51. Kapil's bowling yesterday proved very costly.

52. I cannot see much likeness between the two boys.

53. I am still dubious about that plan.

54. The wise say that life is meant not merely to accumulate wealth but for self-realization.

55. He will never turn down your request.

56. Real happiness does not lie in material possessions alone.

57. I was upset by his hostile attitude.

58. Ashoka was a magnanimous king.

59. Mala is always defiant in her behaviour.

60. I find his views repugnant

Directions (Q.61- 80): In the following passages at certain points you are given a choice of three words in brackets, one of which fits the meaning of the passage. Choose the word which best fits the meaning of the passage and mark the corresponding letter viz (a),(b)or(C)on your Answer Sheet. Example Y and Z have been solved for you.
Y  (a) Boy was in the school in Shimla.
    (b) Horse
    (c) Dog
Z (a) She was homesick.
   (b) It
   (c) He
Explanation: Out of the list given in item Y, only boy is correct answer because usually a boy and not a horse or a dog, attends school.
So (a ) is to be marked on the Answer Sheet for item Y. A boy is usually referred to as “he”, so for item Z, the letter (c) is correct answer. Notice that to solve this kind of items you have to read the preceding or succeeding sentences of the given passage.
One of the most interesting new books published recently is “Spaceship” by Prof. E.C. Walker

61. Our earth he says

62. Like a spaceship, and all the 400 million people

63. Earth are passengers on it. And we are heading

64. A disaster. The levels of atmospheric pollution

65. In the cities and industrial areas of the world could in time change the weather patterns of the earth, raising the temperature

66. The whole planet. If this rose a few

67. The deserts of the world would expand to double their size. The polar ice caps would start melting. If the polar ice caps melted, the .

68. Level all over the world would rise

69. About 60 meters. Prof.Walker's

70. Is not at all about gloom and doom. He admist that the

71. He describes could take thousands of years sometimes the messages are sent with

72. Accompanying words and we speak in

73. Language alone. But, what gestures make

74. Language? Most of us are

75. With the common hand gestures. Some

76. Cannot talk without using their hands.

77. Reach out as they explain almost

78. Their words, emphasizing and exaggerating and

79. With their hands. Other people hardly

80. Their hands at all when they

Directions (Q.81- 90): In the following items, each passage consists of six sentences. The first and sixth sentence are given in the beginning as S1 and S6. The middle four sentences in each have been jumbled up. These are labelled P, Q, R and S. You are required to find out the proper sequence ofthe four sentences and indicate your answer accordingly on the Answer Sheet.

81. S1 :The lions used to be widely distributed in Africa and Asia.
S6 :No hunting is permitted in such reserved areas.
P :There are special forest zones set aside for wildlife in various countries.
Q : Indiscriminate killing by hunters has been the cause of this drastic fall in their numbers.
R :Today they are a relatively rare species.
S : If the species survives at all, it will be only in national parks.
The proper sequence should be:

82. S1 :The woman who lives a normal life is able to check the swelling conceit and egotism of her men folk simply because her outlook is so different.
S6 :And both ranges of interest make her what only fools deny her to be, namely, essentially practical; her eye is steadily fixed on the concrete thing and she mistrusts that chasing of the wild goose which is one of the chief pastimes and delights of man.
P : She is primarily concerned with little ordinary things, the minutiae of talk and behaviour for
example, on the one hand, and with very big ones, the colossal elementary facts of life, well such as birth, mating and death on the other.
Q :The first are personal and particular; whereas the second, those enormous facts about life which women are never allowed to lose sight of, are, of course, universal, meaning just as much in the Fiji Islands as they do here.
R : Her interests are at once narrower and wider than those of men.
S : It is more personal and yet more impersonal.
The proper sequence should be:

S1 : What soda-water is composed of you may see for yourself if you watch your glass as it stands on the table after you have slaked your first thirst.
S6 : Carbonic acid' is the old name for it, but it is more correct to name it, when it is out of the water, 'Carbon dioxide.'
P :The liquid is plain water, as you will find out if you are too slow about drinking.
Q :You will see that it is separating into two different things, a liquid and a gas.
R :The gas is so heavy that you can fairly drink it from the glass, and it has, as you know, a tingle-tangle taste.
S :The other is a heavy, sour and invisible gas that slips up through the water in little bubbles and collects in the empty half of the glass.
The proper sequence should be:

84. S1 :What Martin Luther King, the peaceful warrior and his followers suffered, it is very difficult to describe.
S6 : For they had taken an oath to 'refrain from the violence of the fist, tongue or heart.
P :The police used fire hoses and ferocious dogs to rout them.
Q :The law courts sent them to solitary confinement where not a ray of the sun entered.
R :They were abused and stoned by the mob, slapped and kicked by the police.
S :They suffered and tolerated all this without ever lifting a hand in self defence.
The proper sequence should be:

85. S1 :There are, I think, several factors that contribute to wisdom.
S6 : You have not time to consider the effect which your discoveries of inventions may have outside the field of medicine.
P : This has become more difficult than it used to be owing to the extent and complexity of the specialized knowledge required of various kinds of technicians.
Q :Of these I should put first a sense or proportion: the capacity to take account of all the important factors in a problem and to attach to each its due weight.
R :The work is difficult and is likely to absorb the whole of your intellectual energy.
S :Suppose, for example, that you are engaged in research in scientific medicine.
The proper sequence should be:

86. S1 :There were no finger prints anywhere.
S6 :These conclusions made the detectives think that it was a fake theft.
P :First of all it was impossible even for a child to enter through the hole in the roof.
Q :When the investigators tried to reconstruct the crime, they came up against facts.
R :Moreover, when the detectives tried to push a silver vase, it was found to be double the size of the hole. .
S :Again, the size of the hole was examined by the experts who said that nothing had been passed through it.
The proper sequence should be:

87. S1 : If you want to film a scene in slow motion you . run the camera twice as fast as usual, which sounds ridiculous out but isn't.
S6 : On the screen, everything appears at half the Speed at which the camera recorded it when it was filmed.
P :If you are filming in slow motion, however, the camera runs at twice the normal speed, yet in spite of this, the projector which shows the film will be run at the normal speed, and this means that the projector will show the film at half the speed at which it was photographed. .
Q :This is because the camera which took the pictures and the projector which shows them run at the same speed.
R :When a film camera is running at normal speed, it takes twenty-four pictures a second.
S : When the film is run through the film projector in the camera twenty-four pictures ,a second appear on the screen.
The proper sequence should be:

88. S1 : Great quantities of animal oil come from whales.
S6 :A few other creatures also yield oil.
P :It produces a great quantity of oil which can be made into food for human consumption.
Q :These enormous creatures of the sea are there largest remaining animals in the world.
R :When the whale is killed, the blubber is? stripped off and boiled down.
S :To protect the whales from the cold of the Arctic seas, nature has provided it with a thick covering of fat called blubber.
The proper sequence should be:

89. S1 : The distance between theatre and reality has stretched so far that when we come across truly contemporary play. It is a cause for rejoicing
S6 :But the question is, have we forgotten his legacy in modern India?
P :It searches our collective psyche like an unrelenting laser beam. _
Q : Most importantly, the play questions whether religion and politics can fuse together in modern India.
R :Gandhiji had both the spiritual and political dimensions that we so lack today.
S :Prasanna's 'Gandhiji' staged recently by the National School of Drama is one such play.
The proper sequence should be:

90. S1 : We who live in the present day world are proud to call ourselves civilized.
S6 : In fact science has added to our worries.
P : But let us search our hearts and ask ourselves 'Has science solved our problem?'
Q :Is it because we live and dress better than our forefathers? '
R :Frankly speaking, the answer is 'No'.
S :Of course, we have the advantages of the inventions of science which our ancestors had, never known.
The proper sequence should be:

Directions (Q.91-93): Read the following passages and answer the items that follow. Read the following passages and answer the items that follow.
Those responsible for teaching young people have resorted to a variety of means to make their pupils learn. The earliest of these was the threat of punishment. This meant that the pupil who was slow, careless or inattentive risked either physical chastisement or the loss of some expected privilege. Learning was thus associated with feat. At a later period, pupils were encouraged to learn in the hope of some kind of reward. This often took the form of marks awarded for work done and sometimes of prizes given at the end of the year to the best scholar. Such a system appealed to the competitive spirit, but was just as depressing as the older system for the slow pupil.

In the nineteenth century sprang up a new type of teacher, convinced that learning was worthwhile for its own sake and that the young pupil’s principal stimulus should neither be anxiety to avoid a penalty nor ambition to win a reward, but sheer desire to learn. Interest, direct or indirect, became the keyword of instruction.

91. The educational system which caused fear in the pupil's mind was based on:

92. The system based on rewards satisfied all except:

93. The system which appealed to the competitive spirit in the pupils was largely based on:

Directions (Q.94-95): Read the following passages and answer the items that follow. Read the following passages and answer the items that follow.
On a surface which is free from obstacles, such as a clear road or a path, only two or three species of snakes can hope to catch up with a human being, even if they are foolish to try. A snake seems to move  very fast but its movements are deceptive. In spite of the swift, wave-like motions of its body, the snake crawls along the ground at no more than the speed of man’s walk It may, however, have an advantage inside a jungle, where the progress of a man is obstructed . by thorny bushes. But in such places, the footsteps of  a man are usually more than enough to warn snakes to keep away. Although they have no ears the usual kind, they can feel slight vibrations of the ground through their bodies, and thus get in early warning of danger. 

94. The snake has an advantage over men inside a jungle, because there:

95. What helps the snakes to receive advance warning is their sensitivity to:

Directions (Q.96-100): Read the following passages and answer the items that follow. Read the following passages and answer the items that follow.

This rule of always trying to do things as well as one can do them has an important bearing upon the problem of ambition. No man or woman should be without ambition, which is the inspiration of activity. But if one allows ambition to drive one to attempt things which are beyond one’s own personal capacity, then unhappiness will result. If one imagines that one can do everything better than other people, then envy and jealousy, those twin monsters, will come to sadden one’s days. But if one concentrates one’s attention upon developing one’s own special capacities, the things one is best at, then one does not worry over much if other people are more successful.

96. Which one of the following alternatives brings out the meaning of 'to have a bearing upon' clearly?

97. Which one of the following statements is correct?

98. The statement 'if one allows ambition to drive one to attempt things which are beyond one's own personal capacity, than unhappiness will result,' means that:

99. Which one of the following statements best reflects the underlying tone of the passage?

100. Which one of the following statements can be assumed to be true?

Directions (Q.101-105): Read the following passages and answer the items that follow. Read the following passages and answer the items that follow.

An earthquake comes like a thief in the night, without warning. It was necessary, therefore, to invent instruments that neither slumbered nor slept. Some devices were quite simple. One, for instance, consisted of rods of various lengths and thicknesses which would stand up on end like ninepins.When a shock came it shook the rigid able upon which these stood. If it were gentle, only the more unstable rods tell. If it were severe, they all fell.Thus the rods by falling and by the directions in which they fell, recorded for the slumbering scientist, the strength of a shock that was too weak to waken him and the direction from which it came.

But, instruments far more delicate than that were needed if any really serious advance was to be made. The ideal to be aimed at was to devise an instrument that could record with a pen on paper the movements, of the ground or of the table, as the quake passed by. While I write my pen moves but the paper keeps still. With practice, no doubt, I could, in time, learn to write by holding the pen still while the paper moved. That sounds a silly suggestion, but that was precisely the idea adopted in some of the early instruments (seismometers) for recording earthquake waves. But when table, penholder and paper are all moving how is it possible to write legibly? The key to a solution of that problem lay in an everyday observation. Why does a person standing in a bus or train tend to fall when a sudden starts is made? It is because his feet move on, but his head stays still.

101. The passage says that early instruments for , measuring earthquakes were:

102. Why was it necessary to invent instruments to observe an earthquake?

103. A simple device which consisted of rods that stood up on end like ninepins was replaced by a more sophisticated one because it failed:

104. The everyday observation referred to in the passage relates to:

105. The early seismometers adopted the idea that in order to record the earthquake, it is:

Directions (Q.106-116): There is a sentence of which some parts have been jumbled up. You are required to rearrange these parts which are labeled P, Q, R and S, to produce the correct sentence. Choose the correct sequence and mark in you answer sheet accordingly.

106. There must be countries now in which peasants /can spend several years in universities (p)/so that(Q)/a lot of young persons(R)/are going without substantial meals(S)/ The proper sequence should be:

107. Athens /it was also(P)/the first democracy in the world(Q)/was not only(R)/ an almost perfect democracy(S)/
The proper sequence should be:

108. The practice of taking performance-boosting drugs among athletes/ but checking it is not going to be easy(P)/is generally conceded to be unfair(Q)/of the detection technology(R)/for the user is generally one jump ahead(S)/
The proper sequence should be:

109. All religions are/ to advance the cause of peace(P)/ in a holy partnership(Q)/ justice and freedom(R)/ bound together(S)/
The proper sequence should be:

110. Seventy two people /reports PTI(P)/were affected by food poisoning(Q)/including several women and children(R)/ of the central part of the city (S)/
The proper sequence should be:

111. The Prime Minister declared that /those states(p)/Will get all help and aid(Q)/where family planning(R)/is effected very efficiently(S)/
The proper sequence should be:

112. Hardly had my brother descended from the plane/ when the peop1e(P)/waved and cheered(Q)/ who had come to receive him(R)/from the lounge(S)/
The proper sequence should be:

113. My friend / when he was going to his office (P)/met with an accident(Q)/ on his scooter(R)/due to rash driving(S)/
The proper sequence should be:

114. The boy say/I am not going to the school(P)/ with my friends in the class room(Q)/where my teacher scolds me(R)/when I want to play(S)/
The proper sequence should be:

115. Mohan, the son of my friend,/ gave me a set of pens(P)/ which is very precious(Q)/ while working in Japan(R)/who died in an accident.(S)/
The proper sequence should be:

116. The clerk/ on the desk(P)/left the money(Q)/ in the safe(R)/ which he should have locked up(S)/
The proper sequence should be:

Directions (Q.117-120): Each of the following sentences has a blank space and four words given after the sentence. Select whichever word you consider most appropriate for the blank space and indicate your choice on the Answer Sheet. 

117. It is necessary to that adequate standards are maintained.

118. Many of the city's narrow streets have been

119. Only the Chairman__ to the proposal to build more houses

120. He hoped to bring the ___ to a satisfactory conclusion.