Foreign travellers

Ibn Batutah: African traveller, came to India in Sept 1333; was sent as Sultan Mohammad Shah Tughlaq's ambassador to China in July 1342.

Shaikh Azari: The poet of Isfarayin in Khurasan Shaikh Azari, and Maulana Sharf-ud-din Mazandarani came to the court of Ahmad Shah (1422-1435), the Bahmani ruler of Bidar.

Althanasius Nikitin: Travelled the Bahmani kingdom during the years 1470 to 1474 in the reign of Mohammad III great grandson of Ahmad Shah.

Nicolo Conti: An Italian traveller, visited Vijayanagar during the reign of Deva Raya I (around 1420).

Abdur Razzak: An envoy from Persia, visited Vijayanagar during the reign of Deva Raya II.

Duarte Barbosa: Was present in India during the period 1516-1518.

Domingo Paes: A Portuguese, travelled Vijayanagar Empire. 

Mauhan: Visited Bengal in A.D. 1406.

Barthema: Came to India during the early part of the 16th century (1503 - 1508)

Leeds: An Englishman; entered Akbars court as a jeweller. 

Ralf Fitch, Newbery and Beeds: They visited Akbar's court at Fatehpur Sikri in 1585.

Terry and Willian Finch: Visited Jahangir’s court.

Peter Mundy: An English merchant-traveller, visited India during Shah Jahan's reign in about 1630 - 1632.

Tavernier: Visited India six times during the reign of Shah Jahan and Aurangzeb and wrote his work "Six voyages".

Manucci: Witnessed the reign of five Mughal emperors from Shah Jahan to Farrukhsiyar (I658-1717). He served in the army of Dara Shikoh and Raja Jai Singh and saw Shivaji during Jaisingh's campaign against the former.

Bernier: Served in Aurangzeb's retinue.

Gemelli-Careri: The Italian Physician who visited India during the reign of Aurangzeb, saw him in 1695, when he was 77 years old.

Francisco Pelsaert: He was the Chief of the Dutch factory at Agra in the time of Jahangir. 

European Travellers During Mughal Period

  • Father Anthony Monserrate: He came during Akbar’s reign. His travellogue contains description of Akbar's court, his personality and also description of many cities.
  • Ralph Fitch: Came during Akbar's reign. First European who wrote about dress and customs of Indians.
  • William Hawkins: Came during Jahangir’s period. He was given the title of Khan by Jahangir.
  • John Jourdain: Came during Jahangir's reign. He described Agra in detail.
  • Nicholas Downton: Came during Jahangir’s reign. Praised Sati system.
  • Sir Thomas Roe: He was given a firman byJahangir which assured the British of similar hospitality.
  • Edward Terry: He was a chaplain: described Mughal coins and camp.
  • Pietro-della Valle: Came during Jahangir’s reign. He was an Italian.
  • Francisco Paelsart: Came during Jahangir's reign. He was a Dutch Factor.
  • Jean Baptist Travernier: Came during Shah Jahan’s region. He was a diamond merchant.
  • Peter Mundy: Describe the famine during Shah Jahan’s reign.
  • Rancois Bernier: Described the war of succession and execution of Dara.
  • Manucci: He joined Dara's entourage.
  • William Noris: He was envoy of East India Company to‘ Aurangzeb's Court. 

Related Questions

1. The most famous musician at the court of Akbar was Tansen. His original name was : -- View Answer

2. The mausoleum of sher shah is at : -- View Answer

3. Buland Darwaza, built by Akbar, is to commemorate the victory of : -- View Answer

4. Buland Darwaza is situated in : -- View Answer

5. Which of the following forts was not built by Akbar ? -- View Answer

6. Purana Quila was constructed during the reign of : -- View Answer

7. The tome of Babar is at : -- View Answer

8. When did Vasco da Gama come to India ? -- View Answer

9. Sher Shah's real name was : -- View Answer

10. The designation 'Amil' in Akbar's time meant : -- View Answer


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Related Articles

1. Akbar
2. Aurangzeb
3. Babur
4. Humayun
5. Jahangir
6. Mughal Administration
7. Mughal Culture
8. Shah Jahan
9. The Sur Empire (Sher Shah)