Conquest of Mysore

      Haider Ali conquered Shera, Bidnur and Sonda. He was defeated by Madhav Rao in l764 and 1769. The Nizam of Hyderabad did not act alone, but preferred to act in league with the British which resulted in the first Anglo-Mysore war. 

First Anglo-Mysore war (1766-69):

     The first Anglo-Mysore war ended with the defeat of the British. Haider Ali forced the Madras Council to sign peace on his terms. Both sides restored each others conquest and promised mutual help in case of an attack by a third party. But, English went back on their promise when Marathas attacked Haider Ali in 1771. Verelst was the English Governor. 

Second Anglo-Mysore war (1780-84):

     English seized the French settlement of Mahe, a port which was useful to Haider Ali for the entry of supplies. Haider Ali joined a strong coalition formed by Nizam in 1779 against the English. Thus the second Anglo-Mysore war was started. Luckily for English Haider Ali died in 1782. He was succeeded by Tipu Sultan who carried on the war. The Governor of Madras Mac Cartney sued for peace and the Treaty of Mangalore was signed. The second Anglo-Mysore war was fought during the period of Warren Hastings.

Third Anglo-Mysore war (1790-92):

     Tipu conquered Travancore. The attack on Travancore incensed the British. Cornawallis made an alliance with the Marathas and Nizam. In 1791. Cornawallis captured Bangalore and Tipu was compelled to sign the Treaty of Srirangapatnam on 19th March 1792. Tipu had lost half of his territory. With the help of Nizam and Marathas, Wellesley declared war on Tipu. 

Fourth Anglo-Mysore war (1799):

     Tipu formed on alliance with the French, Zaman Shah, the ruler of Kabul and the kings of Arabia and Turkey. In 1799, British captured Srirangapatnam and Tipu died.

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