Babur (A.D. 1526-1530):

Babur was the founder of Mughal Empire in India. His real name was Zaahirud-din-Muhammad Babur. His father was a Chieftain of Fargana in Central in Asia. He was a descendant of Amir Timur, The Turk (Male line) and Changiz Khan (Female line). His family belonged to the Chagatai section of the Turkish race and was commonly known as Mughals. He became the ruler of Fargana in Transoxiana at the age of 14 after the death of his father. He was eager to recover Samarkand from his uncle. He won the city twice but could not retain it and was forced to move towards Kabul, which he conquered in 1504 and then turned his eyes towards lndia.

Battles of Babur:

First Battle of Panipat (20 April 1526):

Taking advantage of the anarchical condition prevailing under the Lodi’s, Babur marched towards India and defeated  lbrahim Lodi in the first battle of Panipat. The battle virtually marked the end of Delhi Sultanate and beginning of the Mughal rule in lndia. Though the battle of Panipat brought the area around Delhi and Agra under Babur’s control.  It was still not decisive in political field.

enlightenedDo you know...???

During Lodi reign, the governor of Lahore, Daulat Khan Lodi father of Dilawar Khan Lodi invited Babur to invade India due to disaffection with Ibrahim. Daulat Khan's invitation to Babur to India led to the battle of Panipat in 1526, where Ibrahim loadi was defeated. This marked the end of Delhi sultanate and Babur founded Mughal Empire in India which ruled India for next two centuries. One letter changed the history of India

Battle of Khanwa (1527):

The establishment of the new empire in the lndo-Gangatic valley by Babur was a threat to Rana Sanga’s ambition, who himself was intending to enlarge his dominions towards the valley. The growing conflict led to a battle between Babur and Rana Sanga, the most powerful prince of the time. It went in Babur’s favour. Rana Sanga was injured badly but was carried away to safety by his men in March 1527.

Battle of Chanderi (1528):

Babur followed up his successes at Khanwa and led a campaign against Medini Rai of Chanderi Malwa.  Chanderi was captured after Raiput defenders had died fighting to the last man and their women performed Jouhar.

Battle of Ghagra (May 1529):

Babur met the allied forces of Bihar and Bengal (under Nusrat Shah) on the bank of river Ghagra near the junction with Ganga at Patna and inflicted crushing defeat on them.Thus with the help of these battles Babur extended his dominions from the Oxus to Ghagra and from the Himalayas to Gwalior.

enlightenedDo you know...???

After the Kushans, Babur was the first to bring Kabul and Kandahar into the lndian Empire, which provided stability since it was the staging post of invasions of lndia. This helped in promoting trade since these towns were the starting points of caravans meant for China in the east and Mediterranean in the west.

Facts About Babur:

  • Babur died at Agra on 26 December 1530.
  • His body was first laid at Arambagh in Agra, but afterwards sent to Kabul according to his declared wish.
  • Babur successes in India was mainly due to Ottoman (Runci) device of warfare and use of gun powder for the first time in India.
  • Babur had a refined test of literary activities. He could compose beautiful poems in Persian and was a master of pure and unaffected style in his native Turkey.
  • He wrote his own biography “Tuzuk-i-Baburi' in Turkish.
  • Tuzak-i-Baburi was translated into Persian by Abdur Rahim Khan-i-Khanan. 

enlightenedDo you know...???

Baburnama, autobiography of Babur alternatively known as Tuzk-e Babri is the book with the memoirs of Babur (1483–1530). This autobiographical work was written in the Chagatai language and was translated to Persian by a Mughal courtier, Abdul Rahim during Akbar's reign.

Related Questions

1. Which of the following was/were steps taken by Sher Shah to promote trade and commerce?
1. Making travel safe for traders
2.Building a new highway between Delhi and Warangal
3. Abolishing int3rnal duties and levying taxes only at the points of import and sale
4. Building sarals along roadways -- View Answer

2. Sher Shah is well known for his administrative skill, especially his : -- View Answer

3. The Sarak-i-Azam which ran from the Indus to Sonargaon (in Bangladesh) was built by : -- View Answer

4. Who among the following Indian rulers was a contemporary of Akbar? -- View Answer

5. Consider the following statements :
1. Humayun regained his Delhi throne from Sher Shah in 1555
2. Humayun defeated Hemu at the second battle of Panipat in 1556
Which of these statements is/are correct? -- View Answer

6. During the Mughal period which one of the following traders first came to India? -- View Answer

7. Akbar wanted to establish friendship with the Rajputs because : -- View Answer

8. Match the following :
Structures Places
A. Akbar's Mausoleum 1. Lahore
B. Gola Mendola 2. Chittorgarh
C. Jahangir's Mausoleum 3. Sikandara
D. Vijayastambha 4. Udaipur
Below options are given in A B C D order. -- View Answer

9. Sher Shah died while fighting in : -- View Answer

10. Match the following :
A. Second Battle of Panipat 1. Decline of Vijayanagar
B. Second Battle of Tarain 2. British rule in India
C. Battle of Talikota 3. Turkish rule in India
D. Battle of Plassey 4. Mughal rule in India
5. Slave dynasty in India
Below options are given in A B C D order. -- View Answer

Related Quizes

More Questions and Answers

1. Indus Valley Civilization
2. Mahajanapadas-The Magadha empire
3. The Mauryan Empire and Sangam Age
4. Post Mauryan Period
5. Guptas and Post Gupta
6. The invasion of Arabs
7. Mughal Empire
8. Advent of Europeans
9. Indian National Movement

Related Articles

1. Akbar
2. Aurangzeb
3. Downfall of the Mughal empire
4. Humayun
5. Jahangir
6. Mughal Administration
7. Mughal Culture
8. Shah Jahan
9. The Sur Empire (Sher Shah)